GCSE Food Help – Materials and Components

This article alludes to the science part of GCSE Food Technology, in a general sense the organization of sustenance, the properties of nourishment and the impact that preparing has on nourishment.

The Main Macro Nutrients are:

Protein – the GCSE Food innovation course will concentrate on Milk, eggs, soya and cheddar. You will require an essential comprehension of the structure, As well as the wholesome properties. At that point the impact of Mechanical activity, Heat, Alkali’s and acids on the tactile, nutritious and physical properties i.e. denaturation and coagulation. http://www.fmcbiopolymer.com/Food/Ingredients/Carrageenan/Introduction.aspx

Lipids/Fats – Similar to proteins, the substance sythesis, nourishing properties and there working qualities. The working qualities will cover air circulation, emulsification, shortening, oil, versatility and cooking medium. 

Sugar – Again Chemical structure, wholesome properties. The working attributes for sugar will concentrate on the impacts of warmth on starch, sugar and Non Soluble Protein (NSP)

The Micro Nutrients are:

Vitamins A, B, C, D and Minerals Calcium, Phosphorus and iron, For Micro supplements you will take in their properties and sources, and additionally the effect on preparing. There are more smaller scale supplements yet these are particularly in the GCSE Food innovation course


Protein is the principal thing in the materials and parts segment of GCSE sustenance innovation, Protein is the building piece of all nourishment materials, I would recommend a read of the wiki on Protein for a general comprehension of Protein.

Protein is dominatingly found in creature based sustenances, for example, meat, drain, eggs and so forth yet some can be found in vegetable items, for example, beans and nuts.

Protein when processed breaks up into littler segments called Amino Acids. It is these amino acids that the body needs to repair itself. Your body is continually repairing itself, supplanting old cells with new, a great case is hair and nails. Without protein the body can’t survive. It is suggested that a man devours around 50g of protein daily.

Protein Food Groups Food Types can be part into 2 bunches HBV – High Biological Value and LBV-Low Biological Value.

Nourishments in the HBV amass have a tendency to contain the Majority of the 10 amino acids the body needs. Run of the mill sustenances in this gathering are Meat, Fish, Milk, Eggs and Soya Beans. These sustenance things should have a man influence in an eating regimen.

Sustenances in the LBV gather have a tendency to contain just a couple of the amino acids required. The nourishments in this gathering are, commonly Pulses (bean, lentils) and nuts. LBV gather is imperative as specific eating methodologies can just expend these proteins i.e. Veggie lover.


Proteins have a one of a kind property, after warming they denature. This implies the protein solidifies, a prime case is egg white which has 10% protein. At the point when cooked the reasonable runny egg white will change to a white firm rubbery consistency. This property is utilized intensely in the sustenance business to make items, for example, cakes, bread and so on.


Starches are the second significant supplement in the materials segment of GCSE nourishment innovation. Carbs fall into two classes Sugars and Starch.


The sugar we are altogether used to is called sucrose and is a white gem material. it is the most favored of the sugars in light of its sweetness level. Commonly the substance name for sugar closes in – ose, there are many sugars other the sucrose, fructose found in natural product, lactose found in drain.

There are two key sorts of sugar Mono-saccharides and Di saccharides.

Mono Saccharides, are straightforward sugars, for example, foods grown from the ground. Glucose is a case of a monosaccharide and is the key sugar in the blood science.

Di saccharides, are more unpredictable sugars and are all the more ordinarily discovered, cases are sucrose (normal sugar), lactose from drain,.

Properties of sugar, are that they sweeten items, can cause caramelisation (carmelizing), Sugar can likewise go about as an additive, frequently found in stick making.


Starches are longer chains of sugar atoms, monosaccharide = 1 particle, disaccharide = 2 particles. starches numerous particles. Starch is usually found in sustenances, for example, potatoes, pasta rice and flour.

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